After Gallipoli the Australian Imperial Force regrouped in Egypt and underwent a huge expansion and reorganisation. The infantry divisions and the bulk of the support elements of the A.I.F. were ordered to France and the fight on the Western Front. The mounted divisions remained in Egypt. Australia's forces and the New Zealand Division were formed into the I and II ANZAC Corps and in March 1916 the new corps began leaving for the France. The 1st, 2nd, 4th and 5th Australian Divisions moved into the front-line trenches near Armentieres, in an area of light fighting dubbed "the nursery" but in July Australia's forces experienced the hardest of fighting at Fromelles and Pozieres. The first year on the Western Front was costly for the A.I.F., with some 40,000 casualties recorded. By the end of 1916 about 124,000 new men had enlist in the A.I.F..
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